The IoT or Internet of things is changing our life literally at the speed of future Terabytes by the basic incorporation of AI or Artificial intelligence into the substrate and fiber of our life.
I have always been a Geek at heart and have always loved working on computers and servers and am super interested in the progression of technology. I have been following technological innovation for years and watching the Internet of Things or (IoT) Evolve. When I read Ray Kurzweil’s book The Singularity Is Near: When Humans Transcend Biology back in 2006 something clicked in my brain.
Artificial Intelligence is accelerating ever faster every year and when Ray Kurzweil talked about Moore’s Law in his book, it has been pretty much right on track since it was suggested. Moore’s Law is not a law but an observation.
From Wikipedia “Moore’s law is the observation that the number of transistors in dense integrated circuit doubles about every two years. The observation is named after Gordon Moore, the co-founder of Fairchild Semiconductor and CEO of Intel, whose 1965 paper described a doubling every year in the number of components per integrated circuit, and projected this rate of growth would continue for at least another decade. In 1975, looking forward to the next decade, he revised the forecast to doubling every two years.”
Well, the Internet of Things would have never come about without all of these factors tied together. The shrinking of the semiconductor to NanoParticle size has made the inclusion of this semiconductor in many devices and objects. This has made the Cellular Phone into a Smartphone and just as powerful as older Supercomputers just a few years ago. Yes, Supercomputers!!
The inclusion of electronic sensors and readers into everyday objects, the internet, data, programs, computers, and smartphones now work as a symbiotic system.
So What Is The Internet Of Things And How Does This All Tie Together?
Kevin Ashton first used the phrase ‘Internet of Things’ in 1999, although it took at least another decade for the technology to catch up with the vision. Your refrigerator or home security system connected to an app on your Smartphone is the Internet of Things and it goes way beyond that.
The IoT or Internet of Things is a system web of electronic intelligent interrelated computing devices ranging from digital machines, home appliances, objects, industrial equipment, animals or people that are connected with unique identifiers to the Internet with the ability to transfer data and contextual information over a network and monitor themselves without requiring human or human to computer interaction.
IoT electronic sensors can send identification information to radio-frequency identification readers and if a person wants to see if their office coffee maker was left on, they can check it on their smartphone App.
Depending on the hardware IoT can now connect any device to anyone or anything at any time and anyplace with any service and any network. Smart devices, smartphones, smartwatches, and tablets, will be the primary interaction tools used by people in their offices, homes, automobiles, and public places.
From Wikipedia “The Internet of things (IoT) is the network of devices such as vehicles, and home appliances that contain electronics, software, actuators, and connectivity which allows these things to connect, interact and exchange data.
The IoT involves extending Internet connectivity beyond standard devices, such as desktops, laptops, smartphones, and tablets, to any range of traditionally dumb or non-internet-enabled physical devices and everyday objects. Embedded with technology, these devices can communicate and interact over the Internet, and they can be remotely monitored and controlled.”
In Intel’s 50th Anniversary Video about Moore’s Law from 2015 they say that “If you compare the world’s first single-chip Microprocessor the Intel 4004 to today’s 14-nanometer processor:
- The performance then was 3,500 times higher
- Energy efficiency is now 90,000 times more efficient
- The price per transistor had fallen over 60,000 times lower
They continue to say if automotive technology had progressed at the same rate:
- Cars would go almost 300,000 miles per hour
- Get over (two million) 2,000,000 miles per gallon
- Cost only 4 cents
We think the car industry has been sitting around drinking beer. The first 14-nanometer scale devices were shipped to consumers by Intel in 2014 and by 2020 they are expected to be at 5 nanometers. In early 2017, Samsung announced the production of a 4-nanometer node by 2020 and 3-nanometer Gate-All-Around FETs in 2021.
Next-gen semiconductors made from two or more elements whose properties make them faster and more efficient than silicon. They are already being used and will help create 5G and 6G phones.
Compound semiconductors combine two or more elements from the periodic table, for example, gallium and nitrogen, to form gallium nitride. These materials outperform silicon in the areas of speed, latency, light detection, and emission, which will also help make possible applications like 5G and autonomous vehicles.
Possible technologies that have been thought of or proposed for producing smaller chips beyond Moore’s Law scaling have included a host of options and thinking. In addition to Compound semiconductors, there are carbon nanotube transistors, gallium arsenide, organic semiconductors, photonic chips, and the ideas and list go on.
IoT and Artificial Intelligence (AI)
In a recent Internet of Things Symposium research and advisory company Gartner forecasts that “14.2 billion connected things will be in use in 2019, and that the total will reach 25 billion by 2021, producing the immense volume of data. “Data is the fuel that powers the IoT and an organization’s ability to derive meaning from it will define their long term success,” said Mr. Jones. “AI will be applied to a wide range of IoT information, including video, still images, speech, network traffic activity, and sensor data.”
The technology landscape for AI is complex and will remain so through 2023, with many IT vendors investing heavily in AI, variants of AI coexisting, and new AI-based tolls and services emerging. Despite this complexity, it will be possible to achieve good results with AI in a wide range of IoT situations. As a result, CIOs must build an organization with the tools and skills to exploit AI in their IoT strategy.”
Converting Wi-Fi Signals to Electricity With New 2D Materials
According to Science Daily reporting on the Massachusetts Institute of Technology on January 28, 2019 devices made from flexible, inexpensive materials could power large-area electronics, wearables, medical devices, and more. https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/01/190128111718.htm
“Imagine a world where smartphones, laptops, wearables, and other electronics are powered without batteries. Researchers from MIT and elsewhere have taken a step in that direction, with the first fully flexible device that can convert energy from Wi-Fi signals into electricity that could power electronics.”
Researchers from MIT and elsewhere have designed the first fully flexible, battery-free “rectenna” — a device that converts energy from Wi-Fi signals into electricity — that could be used to power flexible and wearable electronics, medical devices, and sensors for the “internet of things.”
All Things Run By Your Cell Phone IoT.
The Smartphone is at the center and controls of the IoT revolution of automation technologies. With your Cell Phone, you can utilize built-in sensors, Bluetooth, radio-frequency identification tracking, and near-field communications which allow it to be an integral part of IoT network and the most used device in these environments.
The adoption of low-power chips that can communicate wirelessly along with the increasing availability of broadband internet and cellular and wireless networking. The adoption of IPv6 that became the Internet Standard on 14 July 2017 will provide enough IP addresses for every device in the IoT world for the time being and will continue to help it grow.
Adding RFID tags to expensive pieces of equipment to help track their location was one of the first IoT applications. But since then, the cost of adding sensors and an internet connection to objects has continued to fall, and experts predict that this basic functionality could one day cost as little as 10 cents, making it possible to connect nearly everything to the internet.
How many IoT Connected Devices?
According to research from Business Insider in 2016, more than 24 billion internet-connected devices will be installed around the world by 2020. But updated research may put that at 31 billion in 2019 with 7.7 billion people projected on the planet for the same year. That’s over four devices for every person on earth.
This statistic below from Statista shows the number of connected devices (Internet of Things; IoT) worldwide from 2015 to 2025. For 2020, the installed base of the Internet of Things devices is forecast to grow to over 75 billion worldwide by 2025.
Equipped with the technologies stated above, an article by by Mehdia Ajana El Khaddar and Mohammed Boulmalf in a peer-reviewed scientific article in IntechOpen states that “The smartphone gathers context data about the user (e.g., geolocation, temperature, health conditions, etc.) and interacts seamlessly with various devices using different types of connections such as Bluetooth, near-field communications (NFC), Wi-Fi, etc.
Therefore, the smartphone can be considered as the user’s ultimate device for IoT and IoE interactions and control. Big data, mobility, and cloud services are the principal parts of IoE concept, and using smartphones everywhere is helping the IoE movement forward. Many services can be done in real-time using the cloud and smartphones, for example, we can use our smartphone to order items online quickly, use an application to see if a specific store has an item in stock, or even better check how big is the queue in this store, order an item, then let customer services know that you are on your way to pick it up.”
The IoT was initially most interesting to business and manufacturing, where its application is sometimes known as machine-to-machine, but the emphasis is now on filling our homes and offices with smart devices, transforming it into something that’s relevant to almost everyone.
With the integration of all of humankind’s cutting edge technologies being integrated into every fiber of our lives, it is easy to see the future. With Nanotechnology, Artificial Intelligence, Converting Wi-Fi signals to electricity, and Internet of Things or (IoT) devices climbing to 75 billion worldwide by 2025.
We can see Ray Kurzweil’s book The Singularity Is Near and Gordon Moore observation continue at an accelerated rate. If Artificial Intelligence begins to really utilize the tools at hand that we are providing it may able to analyze, anticipate, and correct some of the world’s greatest challenges. The point of this technology is to essentially take humans out of the link and control it effortlessly in the background of our lives.
“Failing becomes learning. It goes from being the most catastrophic thing that can happen, to the most constructive thing that can happen” Kevin Ashton